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How to use CheckInstall to create packages from sources

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  carlaschroder's Photo
Posted Sep 22 2009 09:26 AM

If you want to create Slackware, Red Hat, or Debian packages from source code, use CheckInstall. Again using Joe's Own Editor in this example, on Debian, do the following:

               # mkdir /doc-pak

               # tar zxvf joe-2.9.8.tar.gz

               # cd joe-2.9.8

               # ./configure

               # make

               # checkinstall -D

CheckInstall replaces make install, so it must run from the root of the source tree. Follow the prompts and do what they say. It will build and install a .deb, as we can verify:

               $ dpkg -l | grep joe

               ii  joe          2.9.8-1      joe's own editor, my fave

And that's it. It's installed and ready to go to work. A copy of the package will remain in the source directory.

To build a Slackware package, use:

               # checkinstall -S

To build an RPM package, use:

               # checkinstall -R

The doc-pak directory is where CheckInstall places READMEs and other program documentation. If you don't create the doc-pak directory, CheckInstall asks if you want to build a default documentation directory. If you say no, your package will have no documentation.

CheckInstall uses the native installation program's package manager: RPM on Red Hat, installpkg on Slackware, .apt on Debian. To remove a CheckInstall package, simply use your system's package manager.

CheckInstall supports any install scripts. For example:

               # checkinstall -D make install_packages

               # checkinstall -R make modules_install

               # checkinstall -S install.sh

               # checkinstall -D setup

Remember to study the README of the program you're installing, and any other included documentation. Not all source packages use the traditional configure-make-make install dance. Some use other installation scripts, as in the example above.

CheckInstall does not yet allow creating a package without automatically installing it, though this may change in future releases.

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